Knowing that the first amendment lists five unique rights, how many rights do the first 10 amendments (Bill of Rights) to the U.S. Constitution actually grant to the people?
Answered by Chuck Diaz
Read the First Amendment, it doesn’t give us any Rights, it restricts the Congress. The entire Bill of Rights restricts the government, instructs the government and acknowledged existing rights. The answer to your question is the Bill of Rights does not give us any Rights, they came from our Creator. (Or Nature if that your belief)
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. —First Amendment to the United States Constitution
The Second Amendment says our gun rights shall not be infringed because the Rights are ours and not theirs to give.
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. —Second Amendment to the United States Constitution
The Third says, No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in manner to be prescribed by law.—Third Amendment to the United States Constitution
Again a restriction of the government
The Fourth Amendment says our right “shall not be violated,” another restriction of the government and then tells the government the only ways it can search or seize our property.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. —Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution
The Fifth Amendment can be summed up as an instruction to the government that “No person shall.” Another instruction to the government.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life and limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. —Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution
The Sixth Amendment, is more of an acknowledgment of an existing Right.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence. —Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
The Seventh Amendment acknowledges our “right of trial by jury shall be preserved.” another instruction to the government.
In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than to the rules of the common law. —Seventh Amendment to the United States Constitution
The Eighth Amendment instructs the government about bail, fines and crime punishment. Another government restriction.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. —Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution
The Ninth Amendment tells the government that it should not confuse the Rights given to it as Enumerated Rights should not be …… Another instruction.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. —Ninth Amendment to the United States Constitution
The Tenth Amendment instructs the government about all powers not delegated to the government belong to the States and the People.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. —Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution